FieldsElectron states in condensed matter

PICKUP
High Magnetic Field as a Tool for Discovery in Condensed Matter Physics
20221213
The Journal of the Physical Society of Japan highlights in this special topic recent advances in modern physics that have been realized with the generation of pulsed high magnetic fields.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Measurement, instrumentation, and techniques

Observing the de Haas–van Alphen Effect to Unveil the Electronic Structure of UTe_{2} Superconductor
20221116
The topology of Fermi surfaces with heavy effective masses in strongly correlated topological superconductor UTe_{2 }was investigated using quantum oscillation measurements and theoretical calculations.
Electron states in condensed matter
Superconductivity

Can a NodeLess Wave Function Have Higher Energy than NodeFull Ones?
202296
“The energy level of an electron state increases as the number of nodes in its wave function increases.” The preceding statement, often found in textbooks, was challenged by our largescale DFT (densityfunctional theory) calculations performed for the decavacancy in Si crystal.
Electron states in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

PhosphorousBased Zintl Compounds as Viable Semimetals
202224
A blackphosphorusderived Zintl compound, MoP_{4}, is obtained by highpressure synthesis. The material exhibits a nonquadratic large magnetoresistance and semimetallic Seebeck behavior, as predicted by the first principles calculations yielding massive and nonsymmorphic Dirac semimetal states.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter

Materials with Dirac Loops: A Potential Solution for Nextgeneration Electronics
20211014
A highquality single crystal of rhenium oxide shows significantly large magnetoresistance, potentially originating from a unique electronic structure called “hourglass Dirac chain” protected by the symmetry of the crystal.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter

PTEP SPECIAL SECTION
Nonreal Energies with Real Effects in Exotic Condensed Matter Systems
2021719
Scientists demonstrate the presence of nonHermitian topological properties preserved under continuous physical deformations in strongly correlated systems in equilibrium, resulting from shortlived quanta of collective excitations.
Electron states in condensed matter

PTEP SPECIAL SECTION
A Quantum Description of Physical Systems with Nonreal Energies
2021719
While quantum systems are traditionally described by Hermitian Hamiltonians, the formalism is extendable to a nonHermitian description for systems that are dissipative or obey paritytime symmetry.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Nuclear physics
Electron states in condensed matter
Gases, plasmas, electric discharges, and beams

Uncovering the Superlattice Structure of Calcium Iridium Oxide at Phase Transition
202179
Order parameter of nonmagnetic phase transition at 105 K, which is called "hidden order", was revealed in spinorbit coupled iridate Ca_{5}Ir_{3}O_{12}. This discover of order parameter with rotational and directional degrees of freedom in atomic scale will lead to development of energy saving devices with a fast crosscorrelated response.
Electron states in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

PICKUP
Overlooked Materials Host Rich Physics of Strongly Correlated Electrons
202172
An international team of researchers reviews the research progress on strongly spinorbit coupled systems, providing an overview of theoretically predicted electronic phases, candidate materials, and unusual experimental observations.
Electron states in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter

No Mass Gap Phase Transition in Novel Massless Dirac Fermion Material
2021322
Using an organic massless Dirac fermion system, we found that massless Dirac fermions undergo a quantum phase transition without creating any mass gap even in the strong coupling regime.
Electron states in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter