JournalJPSJ

NEW
How Good is the TransitionState Theory?
20211130
For the first time, the main assumption of the transitionstate theory for the decay of complex quantum systems across a potential barrier was realized using a microscopic manybody Hamiltonian.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Nuclear physics

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The Mysteries of Charge Order and Charge Fluctuations in Cuprate Superconductors
20211116
This Special Topics issue condenses the latest research on the enigmatic characteristics of hightemperature superconductivity in cuprates through the observation and elucidation of charge order, charge fluctuations, and other phenomena.
Superconductivity
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

NEW
Analyzing Photoinduced Phase Transitions in an Organic Salt Using Floquet Theory
2021115
Rich nonequilibrium phase diagrams, including photoinduced topological insulator phases, were theoretically predicted for an organic salt α(BEDTTTF)_{2}I_{3} when irradiated by elliptically polarized light.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter

Materials with Dirac Loops: A Potential Solution for Nextgeneration Electronics
20211014
A highquality single crystal of rhenium oxide shows significantly large magnetoresistance, potentially originating from a unique electronic structure called “hourglass Dirac chain” protected by the symmetry of the crystal.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter

Electronic Structure Transformation in a Magnetized Topological Semimetal
2021106
We theoretically show that the nodal structures in topological semimetals, including Weyl points and nodal lines, can be switched by magnetic orders, accompanied by localized states at magnetic domain walls.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

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Measurements and Implications of Shot Noise in Mesoscopic Systems
2021929
Shot noise measurements provide rewarding insights into system properties, nonequilibrium phenomena, and quantum effects in mesoscopic systems.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Superconductivity

Exploring the Thermoelectric Properties of Nitrogendoped Carbon Nanotubes
2021929
A semiconducting carbon nanotube doped with an optimal concentration of nitrogen delivered a thermoelectric power substantially higher than that delivered by commercial Bi_{2}Te_{3} alloys.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Finding Pattern in Randomness: Brownian Motion of Skyrmions
202197
The chiral properties of the Brownian motion of magnetic skyrmions in one and twodimensional systems in thermal equilibrium are reported.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Nonlinear Thermoelectric Transport Will Open a New and Exotic Way to Detect Topological Nature of Dirac Electrons in Solids
2021825
Recently, it was proposed that a novel nonlinear anomalous Ettingshausen effect enabled a new and exotic approach to observe topological nature of Dirac electrons in solids using thermoelectric properties.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Semiconductor to Semimetal to Superconductor: An Excitonic Journey
2021816
A phase diagram was constructed for Ta_{2}NiSe_{5}, a promising candidate for excitonic insulators, using high pressure as a tuning parameter. The results indicated pressureinduced superconductivity in the semimetallic phase.
Superconductivity
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Exploring the Physics of Ferrimagnets for Future Spintronics Applications
202186
This Special Topics collection of the Journal of the Physical Society of Japan covers recent progress in spintronics research on ferrimagnetic materials.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Understanding Skyrmion Crystal Formation in EuPtSi
202182
We theoretically demonstrate that the interplay between the spincharge and spinorbit couplings in itinerant magnets stabilizes fielddirection sensitive, shortperiod skyrmions. Our results can aid in engineering shortperiod skyrmions.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Will Magnetic Properties near Pressure Induced Quantum Critical Phenomena Be Elucidated?
2021726
Hiraoka et al. developed an opposed anviltype pressure cell for magnetization measurements which combines a large sample space and is capable of generating higher pressures up to 6.3 GPa.
Measurement, instrumentation, and techniques
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Uncovering the Superlattice Structure of Calcium Iridium Oxide at Phase Transition
202179
Order parameter of nonmagnetic phase transition at 105 K, which is called "hidden order", was revealed in spinorbit coupled iridate Ca_{5}Ir_{3}O_{12}. This discover of order parameter with rotational and directional degrees of freedom in atomic scale will lead to development of energy saving devices with a fast crosscorrelated response.
Electron states in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

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Overlooked Materials Host Rich Physics of Strongly Correlated Electrons
202172
An international team of researchers reviews the research progress on strongly spinorbit coupled systems, providing an overview of theoretically predicted electronic phases, candidate materials, and unusual experimental observations.
Electron states in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Detecting Weak Quantum Magnetism at High Pressures
2021615
Improved device and method to measure magnetization under high pressure was developed, which brings a quick tool to screen phases of interest in weakly magnetic materials including quantum magnets.
Measurement, instrumentation, and techniques
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Exotic Superconducting States in Transition Metal Tellurides
2021610
Nb_{2}Pd_{3}Te_{5} was found to show bulk superconductivity at 3.3 K. In contrast, Ta_{2}Pd_{3}Te_{5}, a 5d analogue of Nb_{2}Pd_{3}Te_{5}, showed nonmetallic electronic conduction, which was changed to show bulk superconductivity by chemical doping.
Superconductivity

Descriptor of Thermogalvanic Cell for Wasteheat Harvesting
2021531
The scaling relation between the Seebeck coefficient and solvent viscosity would enable for the design of improved thermogalvanic cells.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

How a Potentially Novel Effect Converts AC Current into DC Heat Flow
2021524
A novel currentinduced thermoelectric phenomenon, the nonlinear anomalous Ettingshausen effect, was discussed. As an example, the weak charge ordering state in an organic conductor α(BEDTTTF)_{2}I_{3} was focused on. This effect generates a transverse heat current with rectifying characteristics, namely unidirectionality even under AC fields.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Electric Quadrupole Orders in fElectron Systems on the fcc Lattice
2021517
We theoretically showed that electric quadrupoles in some heavy fermion materials exhibit a very rich phase diagram including unique partiallyordered phases stabilized by an interaction specific to these systems.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

Electronic Nematic Ordering Driven by Atomicscale Multipoles
2021513
Theoretical investigations have unearthed a plethora of electronic nematic orderings driven by the spatial distribution of atomicscale electric quadrupoles.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

A Solvent Viscositydependent Thermoelectric Conversion Efficiency
2021426
We found a beautiful empirical rule (α ∝ η^{0.4}) between the electrochemical Seebeck coefficient α for Fe^{2+}/Fe^{3+} redox pair and viscosity coefficient η of the organic solvent.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Nanospaceconfined Helium Shows Fourdimensional Quantum Phase Transition (QPT)
2021419
Helium confined in a nanoporous material shows a four dimensional superfluid transition. This is a unique example of four dimensional critical phenomenon caused by strong quantum fluctuation.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

BKT Phase Transitions in Magnetic Systems: Formations of Narrow Stripes and Vortex–Antivortex Pairs in a Quasi2D Ferromagnet K_{2}CuF_{4}
2021414
Cryogenic Lorentz transmission electron microscopy directly shows that vortex and antivortex pairs emerge in a quasitwodimensional ferromagnet K_{2}CuF_{4}. This work may reveal the nature of Berezinskii, Kosterlitz, and Thouless phase transition in a magnetic system.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Singlecrystal NaAlSi Shows Unconventional Superconductivity
2021329
Interesting normal and superconducting states of NaAlSi, a topological nodal line semimetal, were revealed by the measurements using the single crystals grown by the selfflux method.
Superconductivity

Phase Transition and Its Universality Class for a Quantum Spin Chain
2021329
We numerically diagonalize the DimerTrimer (DT) model Hamiltonian around the SU(3) symmetric point. As a result, we discover the phase transition at this point which belongs to the BerezinskiiKosterlitzThouless (BKT)like universality class.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Splitting Walls: Interplay of Different Orders in Multiferroic Materials
2021329
We theoretically showed an intrinsic splitting instability of composite domain walls in multiferroic materials under field drive. This instability is a direct result of the coexistence of multiple orders in the system.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

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Random Numbers Can Help Solve Difficult Problems in Manybody Physics
2021329
Theorists review a random state vectorbased description of quantum manybody systems which helps greatly reduce the computational burden involved in their numerical simulations, opening doors to applications in quantum computing.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

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Hybrid Quantum–Classical Algorithms: At the Verge of Useful Quantum Computing
2021322
Scientists discuss the recent progress in algorithms that have enabled hybrid quantum–classical computers, which has brought the quest to realize useful quantum computing much closer to its finish line.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Quantum Phase Transition in Spin Dimer Systems
2021322
A magnetic moment fluctuates in both longitudinal and transverse directions. The total moment sum rule is a conservation law that can help us resolve data of neutron scattering into the two components.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

No Mass Gap Phase Transition in Novel Massless Dirac Fermion Material
2021322
Using an organic massless Dirac fermion system, we found that massless Dirac fermions undergo a quantum phase transition without creating any mass gap even in the strong coupling regime.
Electron states in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Of Spins and Atoms: Combining Rotations to Obtain Directed Motion
2021322
The coupling between surface acoustic waves and spin waves is shown to depend strongly on the angle between the acoustic wavevector and magnetization. For a particular angle, it completely vanishes in one direction, which enables a unidirectional generation of surface acoustic waves by a ferromagnetic resonance.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, and classical and fluid mechanics

Reducing the Number of Tests Using Bayesian Inference to Identify Infected Patients in Group Testing
2021322
Group testing is a method of identifying infected patients by performing tests on a pool of specimens. Bayesian inference and a corresponding belief propagation (BP) algorithm are introduced to identify the infected patients in group testing.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Exploring the Pseudogap in Cuprate Superconductors
2021322
Electronic nematic correlation, in which electronic degree of freedom breaks the crystal symmetry, was found to have a potential link to the origin of hightemperature superconductivity in cooper oxide materials.
Superconductivity

Under Pressure: Getting the Electronic State of Europium Ions to Changes
2021315
Scientists show how pressure and quantum phenomena interplay to alter Europium’s electronic states in a unique manner, opening doors to novel applications in spintronics and technology.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

On and Off: The Physics Behind Photoswitchable Magnetic Octacyanometalates
2021315
We make a major breakthrough in understanding the photoswitchable magnetism in squareantiprismatic octacyanometalates. We reveal that the ``bidirectional” magnetism is accompanied by ``monodirectional electronics” to find a possibility of fabricating multifunctional magnetic devices.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

How is Brownian Motion Affected by a Fluctuating Random Surface?
2021315
A researcher has developed a new theory to describe the Brownian motion of a small object that is confined in a fluctuating random surface.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Taking a Better Look at Data to Predict Exceptional Materials
2021315
Instead of regression, the evaluation values to measure the degree of separation of the distributions of the target variable were studied and applied to the magneto crystallineanisotropy of Co/Fe films.
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Using Analogy to Understand Localization in Quantum Annealing
2021315
Localization may cause the inefficiency of quantum annealing. The constrained quantum annealing of graph coloring provides a new viewpoint to analyze localization phenomena in quantum annealing.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

Solving Quantum Equations with Gauge Fields: How Explicit Integrators Based on a Bipartite Lattice and Affine Transformations Can Help
2021315
We proposed an explicit numerical integrator consisting of affine transformation pairs resulting from the checkerboard lattice for spatial discretization. It can efficiently solve time evolution equations that describe dynamical quantum phenomena under gauge fields, e.g., generation, motion, interaction of quantum vortices in superconductors or superfluids.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Superconductivity

Extending Machine Learning to Fermion–Boson Coupled Systems and ExcitedState Calculations
2021315
We have demonstrated the power of machine learning in representing quantum manybody states accurately. We have extended the applicability of neuralnetwork wave functions and shown their usefulness in fermionbosoncoupled systems and excitedstate calculations.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

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Review of CuttingEdge Research on Iron Selenide Superconductors
202133
Scientists review the incredible progress in our understanding of the superconducting properties of iron selenide and provide their own insights, taking us one step closer to revolutionizing energy and electronics.
Superconductivity
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Hydrogen Science: Exploring the Properties of our Universe’s Smallest Building Block
202133
Reviews on the most recent advances in hydrogen science, including cuttingedge fundamental studies in condensed matter physics with hydrogencontaining materials.

Toward a Hydrogen Society: Harnessing the Power of the Smallest Element
202133
Comprehensive curated reviews by researchers on the latest research in hydrogenrelated applications, including proton conductors, superconductivity, electrochemistry with hydrides, and more.

Novel Material Shows Unconventional Superconductivity with Magnetic Order Under Pressure
202133
Multiple superconductivity wad found in the novel spintriplet superconductor UTe_{2}, which is called “Silicon of Quantum Computers”. A complicated spintriplet state is realized as a consequence of spin degree of freedom. This result will lead to a new state of topological superconductivity.
Superconductivity
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Multiple Superconducting Phases in UTe_{2}: A Complex Analogy to Superfluid Phases of ^{3}He
202133
In quantum liquids, large differences are observed owing to differences in quantum statistics. The physical properties of liquid ^{3}He (Fermion) and ^{4}He (Boson) are considerably different at low temperatures. After the discovery of superconductivity in electron (i.e., Fermion) systems, a similar pairing ordered state was expected for ^{3}He. Remarkably, the observed ordered state of ^{3}He was more surprising than expected, multiple superfluid phases in the T–P phase diagram. The origin of the multiple phases was attributed to ferromagnetic interactions in the pwave symmetry state.
Superconductivity
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Magnetic Responses of Majorana Kramers Pairs on TimeReversal Invariant Topological Superconductors
202133
We reveal magnetic degrees of freedom of Majorana fermions and find a new type of response that are distinct from those of conventional electrons.
Superconductivity
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

What Dictates Nonlinear Behavior in Strongly Correlated Insulators?
202133
The nonlinear conduction (the deviation from Ohm's law) has been discovered universally in various correlated materials. This may be explained by the percolation conduction in disordered materials.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Statistical physics and thermodynamics