JournalJPSJ

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Powered by Machine Learning: Obtaining Spectral Conductivity and Chemical Potential of Thermoelectric Materials from Experimental Data
2023131
We propose a machinelearning method to obtain the fundamental physical quantity, namely, the spectral conductivity, from experimental data of thermoelectric coefficients. Our study introduces a new datadriven approach that reveals the underlying lowenergy electronic states of highperformance thermoelectric materials.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

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NetPattern of Muskmelon Rind Favors a Common Mathematical Law
2023112
The surface of muskmelon is covered with a fine meshlike netpattern. The geometric features of the fine mesh appear unique for each individual, but hide an unexpected mathematical rule.
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

ThicknessDependent Oscillation Behavior of Magnetic Phase Transitions in Pt Ultrathin Films with Small Orbital Moment
202316
Ferromagnetism in nanoPt films originates from the quantumconfinement effect that depends on film thickness. Studies of the electronic states of nanoPt will aid in developing methods for efficiently utilizing its large spinorbit coupling.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

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Phonon Simulations and Its Applications
20221226
Computation of phonons using first principles has many applications for understanding crystal properties. This review provides an overview of the present capabilities of such simulations using finite displacement supercell approach.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

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High Magnetic Field as a Tool for Discovery in Condensed Matter Physics
20221213
The Journal of the Physical Society of Japan highlights in this special topic recent advances in modern physics that have been realized with the generation of pulsed high magnetic fields.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Measurement, instrumentation, and techniques

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Terahertz Radiation as a Tool for Exploring Material Properties
2022128
Researchers from Japan highlight, in a recent review, the range of material properties that can be and have been studied using the phenomenon of femtosecond laserinduced terahertz radiation emission.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter

Insights into the Overlooked Electric FerroAxial Ordering
2022121
We theoretically demonstrate spin related conductivity under electric ferroaxial ordering. We show an intrinsic generation of a spin current parallel to an applied electric field in metals and insulators.

Understanding the Obscure Antiferromagnetism in αMn by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
20221129
Although Mn is an elementary metal, the antiferromagnetic state of αMn is still obscure. Our NMR study on highquality αMn provides new insights into the symmetry of its antiferromagnetism.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Observing the de Haas–van Alphen Effect to Unveil the Electronic Structure of UTe_{2} Superconductor
20221116
The topology of Fermi surfaces with heavy effective masses in strongly correlated topological superconductor UTe_{2 }was investigated using quantum oscillation measurements and theoretical calculations.
Electron states in condensed matter
Superconductivity

Strange Metal Behavior Potentially Associated to Hidden Electronic Nematicity
20221110
Ironbased superconductor, Ba_{1x}Rb_{x}Fe_{2}As_{2}, exhibits “strange metal” behavior—linear dependence of resistivity on temperature. It seems that hidden electronic nematic fluctuations play a greater role than the wellknown antiferromagnetic fluctuations.
Superconductivity
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Thermoelectric Response in Strongly Disordered Systems
2022117
Based on the Kubo–Luttinger linear response theory, we discovered that the lowT Seebeck coefficient for Mott variablerange hopping in a ddimensional system varies as S ∝ T^{d}^{/(d+1)}, which is different from the conventional S ∝ T^{(}^{d}^{−1)/(}^{d}^{+1)}. In addition, the experimental data for S of CuCrTiS_{4} at low T are in excellent agreement with our prediction S ∝ T^{3/4} (d = 3).
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Birefringence ImagingBased Investigation of StressInduced Phase Transitions in SrTiO_{3}
20221027
The spatial distributions of ferroelectric and structural phase transitions in quantum paraelectric SrTiO_{3} under uniaxial stress were microscopically observed using birefringence imaging techniques.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter

TopologyBased Method for Determining the Order Parameter of the Putative SpinTriplet Superconductor UTe_{2}
2022929
The intrinsic anomalous thermal Hall effect can be an effective probe for the order parameters of nonunitary pairing states of the putative spintriplet superconductor UTe_{2}
Superconductivity

Inertial Focusing of Red Blood Cells in Square Tube Flows
202298
Red blood cells flowing through square capillary tubes were observed to migrate towards four points located on the diagonal in the tube crosssection, owing to their deformability and inertia.
Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, and classical and fluid mechanics

Can a NodeLess Wave Function Have Higher Energy than NodeFull Ones?
202296
“The energy level of an electron state increases as the number of nodes in its wave function increases.” The preceding statement, often found in textbooks, was challenged by our largescale DFT (densityfunctional theory) calculations performed for the decavacancy in Si crystal.
Electron states in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Optical Tweezer Arrays with Ytterbium Atoms for Studying Quantum Phenomena
2022824
A neutral Rydberg atom tweezer array is a promising platform for quantum computation. In this study, featuring its metastable excited state, an array of single ytterbium atoms trapped in microoptical tweezers was constructed. This overcomes many problems in conventional systems using alkali atoms.
Atomic and molecular physics

SpinOrbit Coupled Electrons on Kagome Lattice Give Rise to Various Magnetic Orderings
2022810
Diverse magnetic orderings are found to be produced by spinorbit coupled electrons on the kagome lattice. This finding provides a unified guiding principle for the design of magnetic topological materials.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

A New Route to the Realization of Topological Superconductivity
202281
We theoretically suggest that topological Weyl superconductivity can be realized by applying a supercurrent to noncentrosymmetric linenodal superconductors with spin–orbit coupling.
Superconductivity
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

Exploring Superconductivity in the Close Proximity of PolarNonpolar Structural Phase Transition
2022726
A polarnonpolar structural phase transition and corresponding increase in superconducting transition temperature T_{c }are observed in chemically doped PtBi_{2}. T_{c} increases as the system approaches the phase boundary.
Superconductivity

Giant Vortices of Fish: Mechanisms and Patterns
2022712
The origin of giant rotating clusters of fish is revealed by a new agentbased model that incorporates the topological nature of interactions and the escape response characteristic to fish.
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Origin of Metamagnetic Transition (MMT) in the SpinTriplet Superconductivity in UTe_{2}
202274
Stateoftheart magnetostriction measurements in a pulsedmagnetic field reveal the origin of a metamagnetic transition of spintriplet superconductor UTe_{2}. We propose that the uranium valence fluctuation plays a crucial role in its metamagnetic and superconducting transitions.
Superconductivity
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

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Unraveling the Unique Properties of Icosahedral Quasicrystals
2022628
Scientists review the magnetism, nonFermi liquid behavior, and quantum critical behavior observed in icosahedral quasicrystals (QCs), and compare these properties with that of heavy fermions and approximant crystals.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

New Chiral Molecular Ferroelectrics
2022614
A new chiral ferroelectric material is discovered in a purely organic system, 1,1’bi2naphthol・2 dimethyl sulfoxide (BINOL・2DMSO).
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter

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Tensor Networks Across Physics
202267
Researchers from Japan provide the first comprehensive review of the historical development of tensor networks from a statistical mechanics viewpoint, with a focus on its theoretical background.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Towards Radionuclide Cancer Therapy with High Purity ^{177}Lu from Enriched ^{176}Yb Samples
202263
A method was developed to estimate the isotopic compositions of enriched ^{176}Yb sample required for producing radionuclide ^{177}Lu used for cancer therapy, with high radionuclide purity in accelerators.
Nuclear physics
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Understanding Relaxor Ferroelectrics with Simple Landau Theory
2022523
Thirdorder nonlinear dielectric susceptibility is measured in the paraelectric phase of Pb(Sc_{1/2}Ta_{1/2})O_{3}. The linear and nonlinear dielectric susceptibility results can be consistently explained based on the Landautype freeenergy density.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Spin Transport in a TwoDimensional Tilted Dirac Electron System
2022413
We propose that spin current in an organic conductor, α(BETS)_{2}I_{3}, is an appropriate physical quantity to detect the topological nature of the material whose electrons obey a quasitwodimensional Dirac equation.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

Violation of FluctuationDissipation Theorem Results in Robustness of Fluctuation Against Localization
2022323
We study equilibrium current fluctuations in systems without timereversal symmetry, violating the fluctuationdissipation theorem. Notably, the offdiagonal fluctuation is insensitive to system imperfections in contrast to other fluctuations and conductivity.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

FourDimensional XY Quantum Phase Transition in Superfluid Helium4
2022318
Liquid helium confined in nanopores exhibits a quantum superfluid transition at absolute zero. Investigations have revealed that the quantum nature also dominates the finitetemperature superfluid transition, obeying a simple meanfield theory.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Topological Aspects of a Nonlinear System: The Dimerized Toda Lattice
2022316
A nonlinear topological phase is shown to emerge in the dimerized Toda lattice. It is experimentally detectable by measuring the voltage propagation in electric circuits.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Unusual Nonlinear Conductivity in ChargeOrdered α(BEDTTTF)_{2}I_{3}
202239
Unusual nonlinear conduction is detected in organic molecular salt α(BEDTTTF)_{2}I_{3}. The observed thirdorder nonlinear conductivity implies a quadrupole instability hidden in this chargeordered organic salt.
Electronic transport in condensed matter

Economic Irreversibility: The Universal Guiding Principle of Infection Control
202231
It is preferable to avoid lockdowns, as lockdowns at seriously spread phases are very expensive. It would be economically better to utilize less intense countermeasures as early as possible to avoid lockdowns in later phases.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Realizing Spin Liquids Experimentally with Kapellasitetype Quantum Kagome Antiferromagnet
2022210
This study reports the observation of the spin fluctuation in a quantum kagome antiferromagnet CaCu_{3}(OH)_{6}Cl_{2}·0.6H_{2}O which persists down to 82 mK using the μSR technique.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

PhosphorousBased Zintl Compounds as Viable Semimetals
202224
A blackphosphorusderived Zintl compound, MoP_{4}, is obtained by highpressure synthesis. The material exhibits a nonquadratic large magnetoresistance and semimetallic Seebeck behavior, as predicted by the first principles calculations yielding massive and nonsymmorphic Dirac semimetal states.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter

New Systematic Analysis Method of Identifying Microscopic Essential Couplings
2022131
We propose a systematic method of identifying essential model parameters for nonlinear response tensors. The analysis results reveal fundamental couplings in nontrivial responses and promote further development of multiferroic responses.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Shedding Light on Nonreciprocal Directional Dichroism at High Magnetic Fields in a Multiferroic Material
2022119
Large optical nonreciprocal directional dichroism, coupled with an antiferromagnetic order parameter, is observed in a high magnetic field via magnetooptical spectroscopy combined with a pulse magnet technique.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Twist in the Tale: Exploring the Dielectric Screening Effect in Twisted Bilayer Graphene
2022112
Although the screening of an external electric field, strongly influences the electronic states of twodimensional material stack, it is not well understood. Magnetotransport measurements of twisted double bilayer graphene uncovered the screening of atomic layers.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Electronic transport in condensed matter

A Twostep Creation of Phonon Entanglement with Quantized Light
20211228
Dynamics of photoinduced quantum entanglement generation between phonons is theoretically revealed. The results contribute to the study of fundamental theoretical problems within quantum dynamics of photoinduced phase transitions and quantum information science.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, and classical and fluid mechanics
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling

SpinWave Dynamics in Antiferromagnets under Electric Current
20211228
Electric current causes a Doppler effect in spin waves in ferromagnets through a spintransfer torque. We report that antiferromagnets allow two such spintransfer torques and present a microscopic analysis that interpolates ferro and antiferromagnetic transport regimes.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

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Exploring the Basic Principles and Functionalities of Spintronic Thermal Management
20211213
Scientists propose a new spin caloritronics concept called “spintronic thermal management” and provide a comprehensive overview of basic principles, physical behaviors, and heat control functionalities associated with the concept.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

How Good is the TransitionState Theory?
20211130
For the first time, the main assumption of the transitionstate theory for the decay of complex quantum systems across a potential barrier was realized using a microscopic manybody Hamiltonian.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Nuclear physics

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The Mysteries of Charge Order and Charge Fluctuations in Cuprate Superconductors
20211116
This Special Topics issue condenses the latest research on the enigmatic characteristics of hightemperature superconductivity in cuprates through the observation and elucidation of charge order, charge fluctuations, and other phenomena.
Superconductivity
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Analyzing Photoinduced Phase Transitions in an Organic Salt Using Floquet Theory
2021115
Rich nonequilibrium phase diagrams, including photoinduced topological insulator phases, were theoretically predicted for an organic salt α(BEDTTTF)_{2}I_{3} when irradiated by elliptically polarized light.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter

Materials with Dirac Loops: A Potential Solution for Nextgeneration Electronics
20211014
A highquality single crystal of rhenium oxide shows significantly large magnetoresistance, potentially originating from a unique electronic structure called “hourglass Dirac chain” protected by the symmetry of the crystal.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electron states in condensed matter

Electronic Structure Transformation in a Magnetized Topological Semimetal
2021106
We theoretically show that the nodal structures in topological semimetals, including Weyl points and nodal lines, can be switched by magnetic orders, accompanied by localized states at magnetic domain walls.
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

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Measurements and Implications of Shot Noise in Mesoscopic Systems
2021929
Shot noise measurements provide rewarding insights into system properties, nonequilibrium phenomena, and quantum effects in mesoscopic systems.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Superconductivity

Exploring the Thermoelectric Properties of Nitrogendoped Carbon Nanotubes
2021929
A semiconducting carbon nanotube doped with an optimal concentration of nitrogen delivered a thermoelectric power substantially higher than that delivered by commercial Bi_{2}Te_{3} alloys.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Finding Pattern in Randomness: Brownian Motion of Skyrmions
202197
The chiral properties of the Brownian motion of magnetic skyrmions in one and twodimensional systems in thermal equilibrium are reported.
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Nonlinear Thermoelectric Transport Will Open a New and Exotic Way to Detect Topological Nature of Dirac Electrons in Solids
2021825
Recently, it was proposed that a novel nonlinear anomalous Ettingshausen effect enabled a new and exotic approach to observe topological nature of Dirac electrons in solids using thermoelectric properties.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Semiconductor to Semimetal to Superconductor: An Excitonic Journey
2021816
A phase diagram was constructed for Ta_{2}NiSe_{5}, a promising candidate for excitonic insulators, using high pressure as a tuning parameter. The results indicated pressureinduced superconductivity in the semimetallic phase.
Superconductivity
Electronic transport in condensed matter