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Quantum Anomaly in a Dirac Fermion System with Spacetime Dependent Mass
2022427
Scientists investigate quantum anomalies in a system of Dirac fermions with spacetime dependent mass and show that the anomaly formulas can be expressed in terms of superconnections.
Theoretical Particle Physics
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

Calculating Superconformal Index of 𝓝 = 4 SuperYangMills Theory for Finite N
2022222
The examination of AdS/CFT correspondence for finite N, where quantum gravitational effects become important, reveals that finite N corrections for the superconformal index can be reproduced as D3 brane contributions.
Theoretical Particle Physics

New Classification Theory for Topological Gapless Superconducting Nodes
20211228
A new classification theory on topological superconducting gap nodes predicts two new gap structures emerging from a nonsymmorphic crystal symmetry and angular momentum.
Superconductivity

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Understanding Phase Transitions in Supersymmetric Quantum Electrodynamics With Resurgence Theory
20211125
Using resurgence theory to describe phase transitions in quantum field theory shows that information on nonperturbative effects like phase transitions can be obtained from a perturbative series expansion.
Theoretical Particle Physics

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A New Look at Our Universe with Gravitational Wave Astronomy
20211026
A new interdisciplinary collaborative project underscores the importance of combining theory with advanced observation techniques to understand gravitational waves and their sources, opening doors to new discoveries about the universe.
Astrophysics, cosmology, and geophysics

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Estimating Beta Decay Rates Better for Exotic Nuclei
2021101
Physicists from Japan demonstrate an improved estimation of the beta decay rate in heavy nuclei by considering nexttoleadingorder approximation for the electron wave function distorted by the Coulomb potential.
Nuclear physics

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Designing a New Spaceborne Interferometer to Probe the History of Our Universe
2021922
Scientists present a new design for a spaceborn laser interferometer that could detect gravitational waves below 10 Hz, letting us probe into new astrophysical phenomena.
Astrophysics, cosmology, and geophysics

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Generalizing Poisson Algebra with Geometry
202196
Using a differential geometric interpretation of Hamiltonian mechanics, a generalized Poisson bracket formulation is developed for a threedimensional phase space characterized by a triplet of canonical variables.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling

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Atoms Trapped with Light Behave Like a Dissipative Quantum System
2021719
A team of researchers from Japan experimentally realize, for the first time, a dissipative, paritytime symmetric, manybody quantum system from ultracold atoms trapped in an optical lattice.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Gases, plasmas, electric discharges, and beams

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Nonreal Energies with Real Effects in Exotic Condensed Matter Systems
2021719
Scientists demonstrate the presence of nonHermitian topological properties preserved under continuous physical deformations in strongly correlated systems in equilibrium, resulting from shortlived quanta of collective excitations.
Electron states in condensed matter

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A Quantum Description of Physical Systems with Nonreal Energies
2021719
While quantum systems are traditionally described by Hermitian Hamiltonians, the formalism is extendable to a nonHermitian description for systems that are dissipative or obey paritytime symmetry.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Nuclear physics
Electron states in condensed matter
Gases, plasmas, electric discharges, and beams

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Using Pulsed Cold Neutrons to Measure Neutron Lifetime
2021713
Scientists measure the lifetime of a neutron with pulsed neutron beams to explore the cause of a puzzling discrepancy in their previously measured lifetime.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

Simulating Equilibrium Behavior of Quantum Fields with Timeevolving Classical Fields
202145
A set of field configurations (replicas) reaches equilibrium of quantum field theory after realtime evolution obeying classical equations of motion.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

A New Approach to Solving Periodic Differential Systems
2021329
Mathematicians and physicists are well acquainted with secondorder ordinary differential equations (ODE), the most prominent of them being the class of equations that govern oscillatory motion.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling

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Antimatter Matters: Making Sense of the Matter–Antimatter Asymmetry at Japan’s BelleII Facility
2021322
Scientists embark on a quest to unravel the mysteries behind matter–antimatter asymmetry in our universe with the new BelleII experiment at the SuperKEKB accelerator in Japan.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

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The Thin Edge of Entanglement Wedges and Progress in Quantum Gravity
2021315
Scientists for the first time theoretically link quantum states and gravity, taking one step further in understanding the origins of gravity and opening doors to novel quantum applications.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

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New Findings Hint Towards Existence of Kaonic Nuclei and Hypernuclei
202133
Scientists reveal a new feature in nuclear physics: the existence of kaonic nuclei and hypernuclei. These findings can enhance our understanding of nature and contribute to technological progress.
Nuclear physics

What Happened to Antimatter?
202133
The BelleII experiment is designed to explore new mechanisms of matterantimatter asymmetry that may resolve the mystery behind the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings