Year2021

PICKUP
The Thin Edge of Entanglement Wedges and Progress in Quantum Gravity
2021315
Scientists for the first time theoretically link quantum states and gravity, taking one step further in understanding the origins of gravity and opening doors to novel quantum applications.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings

Under Pressure: Getting the Electronic State of Europium Ions to Changes
2021315
Scientists show how pressure and quantum phenomena interplay to alter Europium’s electronic states in a unique manner, opening doors to novel applications in spintronics and technology.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

On and Off: The Physics Behind Photoswitchable Magnetic Octacyanometalates
2021315
We make a major breakthrough in understanding the photoswitchable magnetism in squareantiprismatic octacyanometalates. We reveal that the ``bidirectional” magnetism is accompanied by ``monodirectional electronics” to find a possibility of fabricating multifunctional magnetic devices.
Dielectric, optical, and other properties in condensed matter
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

How is Brownian Motion Affected by a Fluctuating Random Surface?
2021315
A researcher has developed a new theory to describe the Brownian motion of a small object that is confined in a fluctuating random surface.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

Taking a Better Look at Data to Predict Exceptional Materials
2021315
Instead of regression, the evaluation values to measure the degree of separation of the distributions of the target variable were studied and applied to the magneto crystallineanisotropy of Co/Fe films.
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Using Analogy to Understand Localization in Quantum Annealing
2021315
Localization may cause the inefficiency of quantum annealing. The constrained quantum annealing of graph coloring provides a new viewpoint to analyze localization phenomena in quantum annealing.
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

Solving Quantum Equations with Gauge Fields: How Explicit Integrators Based on a Bipartite Lattice and Affine Transformations Can Help
2021315
We proposed an explicit numerical integrator consisting of affine transformation pairs resulting from the checkerboard lattice for spatial discretization. It can efficiently solve time evolution equations that describe dynamical quantum phenomena under gauge fields, e.g., generation, motion, interaction of quantum vortices in superconductors or superfluids.
Mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, relativity, gravitation, numerical simulation, computational modeling
Superconductivity

Extending Machine Learning to Fermion–Boson Coupled Systems and ExcitedState Calculations
2021315
We have demonstrated the power of machine learning in representing quantum manybody states accurately. We have extended the applicability of neuralnetwork wave functions and shown their usefulness in fermionbosoncoupled systems and excitedstate calculations.
Magnetic properties in condensed matter
Structure and mechanical and thermal properties in condensed matter

PICKUP
The Physical Society of Japan: Always at the Forefront of Physics Research
202133
JPS actively publishes the most significant achievements in physics through its international journals, Journal of the Physical Society of Japan (JPSJ), Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (PTEP), and JPS Conference Proceedings.

PICKUP
New Findings Hint Towards Existence of Kaonic Nuclei and Hypernuclei
202133
Scientists reveal a new feature in nuclear physics: the existence of kaonic nuclei and hypernuclei. These findings can enhance our understanding of nature and contribute to technological progress.
Nuclear physics

PICKUP
Review of CuttingEdge Research on Iron Selenide Superconductors
202133
Scientists review the incredible progress in our understanding of the superconducting properties of iron selenide and provide their own insights, taking us one step closer to revolutionizing energy and electronics.
Superconductivity
Crossdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology

Hydrogen Science: Exploring the Properties of our Universe’s Smallest Building Block
202133
Reviews on the most recent advances in hydrogen science, including cuttingedge fundamental studies in condensed matter physics with hydrogencontaining materials.

Toward a Hydrogen Society: Harnessing the Power of the Smallest Element
202133
Comprehensive curated reviews by researchers on the latest research in hydrogenrelated applications, including proton conductors, superconductivity, electrochemistry with hydrides, and more.

Novel Material Shows Unconventional Superconductivity with Magnetic Order Under Pressure
202133
Multiple superconductivity wad found in the novel spintriplet superconductor UTe_{2}, which is called “Silicon of Quantum Computers”. A complicated spintriplet state is realized as a consequence of spin degree of freedom. This result will lead to a new state of topological superconductivity.
Superconductivity
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Multiple Superconducting Phases in UTe_{2}: A Complex Analogy to Superfluid Phases of ^{3}He
202133
In quantum liquids, large differences are observed owing to differences in quantum statistics. The physical properties of liquid ^{3}He (Fermion) and ^{4}He (Boson) are considerably different at low temperatures. After the discovery of superconductivity in electron (i.e., Fermion) systems, a similar pairing ordered state was expected for ^{3}He. Remarkably, the observed ordered state of ^{3}He was more surprising than expected, multiple superfluid phases in the T–P phase diagram. The origin of the multiple phases was attributed to ferromagnetic interactions in the pwave symmetry state.
Superconductivity
Magnetic properties in condensed matter

Magnetic Responses of Majorana Kramers Pairs on TimeReversal Invariant Topological Superconductors
202133
We reveal magnetic degrees of freedom of Majorana fermions and find a new type of response that are distinct from those of conventional electrons.
Superconductivity
Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces and nanostructures

What Dictates Nonlinear Behavior in Strongly Correlated Insulators?
202133
The nonlinear conduction (the deviation from Ohm's law) has been discovered universally in various correlated materials. This may be explained by the percolation conduction in disordered materials.
Electronic transport in condensed matter
Statistical physics and thermodynamics

What Happened to Antimatter?
202133
The BelleII experiment is designed to explore new mechanisms of matterantimatter asymmetry that may resolve the mystery behind the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe.
Elementary particles, fields, and strings